Developing countries are falling behind in the latest global sprint to end the coronavirus pandemic, according to a new report from the World Health Organization (WHO). Rich countries have bought too much COVID-19 vaccine, dosing it enough to immunize their populations, says an international vaccine surveillance body.
Most poor countries have not been able to practice getting vaccines, while most of the vaccines were received by the richest countries in the world through a network of organizations such as WHO and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF ), the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and others.
Activists warn that 9 out of 10 people in the poorest countries will miss the COVID-19 vaccine next year. One estimate estimates that the world's poorest countries will not receive any vaccines by 2024.
World Bank President David Malpass warned that the global recession could delay decades of progress in developing countries, and said that a COVID-19 pandemic would lead to an increase in deaths from diseases such as malaria, dengue and The tuberculosis. Given that more than two-thirds of the world's population live in developed countries (excluding China) and are threatened by a global pandemic, the United Nations calls on countries to translate expressions of international solidarity into meaningful global action. To mitigate this impending disaster, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called for trillions of dollars in aid to the world's poorest and least prepared countries.
When fronts change, developing countries will suffer the most, and while the world's richest countries face varying degrees of success and failure, the developed world will also suffer. This means that developing countries will offer more support to their development than they would if it were a crisis that only affected them. Companies based in developed countries that receive financing and supplies will commit to creating a platform for the benefit of all, regardless of their country of origin.
If many countries in developing countries change course, they will be able to cope with the worst consequences of massive global poverty, rather than deteriorate in a world of massive poverty. There is no doubt that Covid19 will hit both developing and developing countries hard, because physical distancing is almost impossible in those countries, and health systems would be unable to cope with the effects of a global crisis in their health systems.
Many developing countries have adopted the technology in the last decade, adapting it to local conditions in response to pandemics. In the event of a post-pandemic pandemic, use of technology is unlikely to decline and is likely to increase in developing countries. As the world economy becomes digitized and responds to the "needs" of its citizens, developed countries will continue to grow. The gap between the number of people in rich countries getting vaccinated and those in developing countries is widening, "says Dr. Michael O'Neill, director of the Center for Infectious Diseases at the University of California, San Francisco.
Countries like China, which is easing its blockade, are beginning to offer greater types of medical donations to less developed countries. If the poorest countries don't have easy access to vaccines, they can be sidelined so that the rich countries get them first, he says.
Millions of poor in developing countries live in shacks where local conditions make it difficult for developed countries to apply preventive measures. A high percentage of students in developing countries have access to the Internet at home, many are mobile, and many live in rural areas with little or no electricity or water.
Unlike the pandemic that has affected developing countries, a galloping number of cases has been registered in the first group, the most affected countries, along with China, so far Europe and North America. The place in Asia where the majority of the 19 deaths worldwide were recorded was the Arabian Peninsula, but now it fits the picture better. In addition to their high death rate, developing countries are home to more than half of the people who do not use the Internet and to more than a third of the people worldwide who do not have mobile broadband.
Developing countries tend to be poor and strive for economic and social progress, but their infrastructure is not as well established as that of Europe and the United States. By "developing countries" I mean those that the World Bank classifies as countries with a population of less than 1.500 billion people, or about half of the world's population.
Developing countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean differ in that they have fewer resources to control viruses. The World Bank is also working with these countries on the review, but they do not have the necessary infrastructure to treat the vaccines or to get them where they are needed. So what can poor countries do in the face of a pandemic, and how can rich countries help them?