The company that manufactures them, Mascarillas Béjar, assures that they can degrade in 8 weeks
The pandemic has not only brought with it restrictions and sanitary chaos. Its environmental footprint is also notable. And it is as the Béjar company recalls, 705 million masks pollute the planet every month, only in Spain. According to the calculations of this company, based in Salamanca, a surgical procedure takes between 300 and 400 years to degrade. Proposal? Designs that decompose into compost in an estimated period of about 8 weeks and reduce emissions by 62% against climate change.
It is the first solution of its kind devised in Europe, as advertised on their corporate website. “We achieve this by using PLA, a biodegradable material made from corn, cassava or potatoes. We are the only ones in Europe with certificates for our compostable fabrics ”, they say.
As they report, these masks - available both surgical and FFP2 - can decompose under compost conditions. A procedure in which man participates and which advances the natural process of biological decomposition with the help of temperature and microorganisms. "In this process the material will give carbon dioxide, water, minerals and organic fertilizer", they indicate.
Unlike traditional FFP2 masks and surgical masks, which must be disposed of in the brown or waste container, compostable masks must be disposed of organically so that they can decompose properly, as the company recalls. Its price? Between 0,40 and 0,70 euros per unit. They are already for sale on their website although they warn that due to demand their shipment will not be made until September.